Risk Assessment and Procedures

It is important to know, understand, and manage hygiene-related risks that can occur on the orchard. A risk assessment is an important tool to help you do this.

Contractors must carry out a hygiene risk assessment which covers all hygiene-related risks applicable to harvest - including transport on and between orchards (when applicable). Contractors must update this assessment when new risks arise, in addition to reviewing it annually.

Based on the risk assessment, contractors must introduce hygiene practices which minimise identified risks. This practice must be documented in both a hygiene policy and procedures. Risks must also be documented in hygiene instructions for the harvest process, which must be communicated to all workers, sub-contractors and other parties.

Hygiene instructions for workers must include:

  • The need to clean hands

  • Cut skin must be covered

  • The use of protective clothing (where applicable)

  • The need to report illness or signs of infection

  • No smoking, and

  • Eating in designated areas only


Kiwifruit orchard contractors are considered high-risk because they routinely move machinery, equipment and tools, personal effects, kiwifruit plant material, and/or compost into, within and between orchards.

The Pathway Management Plan requires kiwifruit contractors who hold a valid CAV to have a biosecurity plan that identifies the potential risks they bring to the orchard, and the steps to be taken (control measures) to manage these risks. Contractors should have a plan that includes biosecurity hygiene practices, staff awareness, and training appropriate to their level of risk.

The Pathway Management Plan is additional to the standard hygiene unit requirements.

Contractors who are part of the Zespri G.A.P./Compliance Assessment Verification (CAV) program will have a biosecurity plan included as part of their CAV requirements, and this will be inspected annually.